The Chronicles

Possible Goals and Objectives for this study:

I Chronicles

1. Students will be able to tell about important events in the early kingship of David.

a. The learner will be able to tell, orally or in writing, about these events: bringing the ark of the covenant back to Jerusalem, subduing the Philistines, and taking the census of the people.

2. Students will be able to compare the fate of Uzzah to the importance of doing things God's way in our time.

3. Students will also know about some of the key mistakes that David made after becoming king, and tell how they might avoid the same kinds of mistakes in their everyday lives.

a. Students will be able to tell, orally or in writing, why it was wrong for David to number the people (chapter 21). [Walking by sight]

b. The students will be able to tell why Solomon and not David was chosen to supervise the building of the temple (chapter 22, had shed too much blood).

II Chronicles

1. The students will know about Solomon's prayer for wisdom in II Chronicles 1.

2. Students will be able to orally evaluate the trend of spiritual conditions of Israel through the time of the kings (mostly downward until disintegration) with 100 percent accuracy.

a. The students will identify the characteristics of at least two kings that made them successful or unsuccessful rulers of Judah or Israel.

b. The students will be able to identify orally at least three improvements made by King Hezekiah in chapter 31.

c. Students will discuss why God said he would pour out his anger on Judah.

d. The students will discuss and identify the importance of the book of the law found in the temple.

3. TLW understand the purpose of each part of Solomon's temple and how it would eventually relate to New Testament Christianity.

4. TLWBAT identify conditions and requirements God placed on Solomon in order for his family to continue to rule (7: 17).

5. TLWBAT describe the Queen of Sheba's assessment of Solomon's kingdom and his God (9: 5-8).

Time of the writing: If Ezra is accepted as the writer, the time of the actual transcription of these events would be around 400-425 B. C. The time of the events themselves go from the reign of David around 1000 B. C. and Solomon 980. B. C. to the time of Ezra in 400 B. C.

Style and differences from other books: If the book(s) of Samuel and Kings can be described as administrative and military, respectively, the book of Chronicles could be described as personal. All three sets of books were originally one book each, and were divided by nameless scribes during the copying process to make the volume of work more manageable. The Chronicles begin in chapters one through nine with very long and detailed genealogies, apparently to make the readers of Ezra's time aware of their ancestries and past. When happenings are recounted, there is much more tendency to name numerous people who were involved or who were bystanders than in the other two books.

Some deterioration from the original manuscripts inspired by the Holy Spirit (II Peter 1: 20, 21) seems evident. Inspiration (II Timothy 3: 16, 17) was limited to the original word (autographia) given by the Holy Spirit to the 40 or so men who wrote the Bible over about 1500 years. Copies and/or translations are not considered to be infallible. Chronicles regularly gets into numbers that are much higher than those describing the same events but in the book of the Kings. I Chronicles 22: 14 in describing the gold (one hundred thousand talents) that David had acquired is particularly troublesome, indicating a fortune of over three billion dollars. His son Solomon had, in total, 666 talents of gold (I Kings 10: 14; II Chronicles 9: 13), and this was at the time of the material peak of prosperity of Israel. In the transmission done by the scribes, some features of this book particularly appeared to have been accidentally distorted. "A million men" from Ethiopia in II Chronicles 14: 9 is either hyperbole or a copyist's error.

The Biblical Story: The stories of the kings of Israel is essentially re-counted in the Chronicles, or , given the references of Kings to the present book, it is just as likely that the stories of Chronicles are recounted in Kings. The Chronicles present each king in a more personal way than the Kings. The stories are more personal and quotes from the kings are more numerous; incidents are depicted more vividly and in more detail. Of particularly good examples are Hezekiah (II Chronicles 29: 1 - 32: 33) and Josiah the boy king (II Chronicles 34: 1 - 35: 27). The trend, though, was toward evil as the Asherah poles and other idolatrous shrines were proliferated in Israel and Judah.

In the Chronicles we see the entrance of some of the prophetic figures which served at the times: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Hosea, Ezra, Micah.

Conclusion of the book: By book's end we see Israel and Judah carried off into separate captivities. Cyrus the Great orders some fragments of the Jewish nation back to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple. God had destroyed the nation that He had once raised up, because of their faithlessness and unbelief. He can do the same with the United States or any other nation today. What has been seen should be instructive for any reader.

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